On the second create page you can target your email to your entire list, or a specific subset of your list.
First, choose the email list you'd like to send to from the drop down menu at the top. Your choices will be your personal email list (which includes all of the activists you collected through forms you created and/or your referral codes) and any group email lists that you are an administrator of. (Groups are explained more here.)
Choosing a list targets your email to that entire list. You then have the option of cutting down your targeted universe further by including or excluding different sets of activists on your list below.
Standard Mode and Query Mode
In standard mode you have many options for targeting your list further and each appears as either an include or an exclude, which will include or exclude that set of activists from this email respectively.
You can also target with query mode, activated with the query mode toggle on top of the page. When in query mode you can target using the same filters as standard mode, but you get to choose the logical ANDs and ORs that go between each filter, allowing you to do more complex targeting. This mode uses the same options as our query feature. You can read more about how that works here.
In query mode, you have the option to import existing saved queries to your current targeting. Select a query from the import query section and click "Import" to add that saved query's parameters at the end of your current query.
You can switch between query mode and standard mode at any time, though switching between them will clear any targeting currently on your email. Once the email is saved, it will always load its targeting in that mode unless switched. You can choose which mode is the default for you when making new emails or reports by editing your profile, as explained here.
You can target activists based on geography -- whether they live in one or many states, one or many US counties, one or many legislative districts (congress or state level), one or many countries, whether they live within a certain number of miles of a ZIP/postal code (or ZIP/postal codes, enter multiple separated by commas), or if you're sending to a group's list, whether they live within a certain number of miles of events that are part of a specific event campaign. (Event campaigns are explained more here.)
You can target activists based on their preferred language.
You can target activists based on the email list of child groups they are on if the group is part of a network. For example, you can email activists on your group's list who are not on a child group's list. (Networks are explained more here.)
You can target activists who live in places with targets on a certain letter campaign. For example, if you've set up a letter campaign targeting Representatives John and Jane Doe, you can choose that letter campaign as a target and only send your email to activists on your list who live in those Representatives' districts, ensuring that when your activists go to write a letter they won't see a "No targets found for your address" message.
You can target activists based on action history. Choosing each action will target activists who've taken that action (including actions made by child groups if this group is part of a network, explained more here). Note that uploads, ladder subscribe steps, and other similar things show up as actions here. If you choose the action that's labeled [new activists] you will target only activists who subscribed to your list because of taking that action. And if you choose a letter campaign labeled [sent letter] you will target activists who've actually sent a letter using a letter campaign, rather than just filling out their information in step 1.
You can target activists by email history -- if they are targeted by one or multiple emails you've made in the past, or if they've opened or clicked emails you've sent in the past, including emails made by child groups if this group is part of a network, explained more here.
You can target activists based on whether they have ever been in one or more than one specific ladder, or are currently waiting in one or more than one specific ladder.
You can target activists based on donation history -- all donors, active recurring donors, donors with failing recurring donations, donors with cancelled recurring donations, donors eligible for one-click donations (have saved their card information with us), and donors who have donated more than a certain amount in the last certain amount of days.
You can target activists based on source codes they've used to take action by choosing one or more from the list of previously used source codes. You can target activists who were added to the list because of taking action with that source code as well, with the checkbox provided.
And you can target activists based on whether they've filled out a custom field with a certain name using a certain value. (ex: All activists who have the value of "yes" under the "unemployed" custom field.) You can also target based on core fields like email address or name, allowing you to target activists who have .edu in their email addresses for example.
% is the wildcard character for field targeting, so %.edu on the email field matches everyone who's email address ends in .edu. You can use multiple % characters, so %1% matches anyone who has a 1 in any part of the form field you're targeting.
You can also interpret custom fields as numbers or dates and target with greater than or less than operations using << or >>. For example, <<1 will target every activist with a custom field value number less than 1. >>2017/12/01 14:00:15 will target everyone with a custom field value date after December 1st, 2017, 2:00pm and 15 seconds. The format for dates is yyyy/mm/dd hh:mm:ss. Time is optional.
You can also use regular expressions, so [0-9] will target any activist with any of the characters 0-9 in that form field. The wildcard character can be combined with regular expressions. (For more detail on our regular expression parser and syntax, see here.)
You can target activists based on tags they have on their record.
And you can target activists based on queries you've previously set up.
You can target activists based on whether they are targeted with a report you've previously made.
You can target activists based on their action activity level -- for example whether they've taken at least 3 actions in the last 90 days on your email list. This does not include uploads.
You can also target based on their email open or click activity level -- for example whether they've clicked at least 2 emails in the last 7 days. (If you're in a network, you can optionally include opens or clicks from child groups in this calculation as well, just select them from the dropdown menu.)
And you can target activists based on the date they subscribed or resubscribed to your list -- for example subscribed 3 days ago or less.
Includes and Excludes
In standard mode, on the left side is your options for includes. Between each section is a logical AND operation and inside each section is a logical OR. (ex: If you select New York and Vermont from the State section and an action titled "Petition to Walmart" from the Action list, this email would target users who live in New York OR Vermont, AND have taken action on "Petition to Walmart.")
On the right side is your options for excludes. Between and inside each section is a logical OR operation. (ex: If you select New York and Vermont from the State section and an action titled "Petition to Walmart" from the Action list, this email would target all users on your list except those living in New York OR Vermont OR have taken action on "Petition to Walmart.")
You can use both includes and excludes at the same time. To do ANDs between a section, for example, you would target two emails by duplicating the first -- one targeted to the first group and one to the second. The lists of states, actions, emails, and reports are scrollable, and you can select more than one option by command-clicking each item on Mac or control-clicking on Windows.
In query mode, you get to choose the ANDs and ORs you want to use.
Saving and Re-Targeting
When you're ready, click "Save and Preview & Send Your Email" to trigger the targeting process to calculate the number of people the email will be sent to, and to move on to the next step.
Your targeting will be calculated and saved. It will not update when the underlying data updates.
To do that, after you've saved your targeting once, if you come back to the targeting page you can update your targeting. Click the save and re-calculate button to re-run targeting and update it (including saving any changes in filter options you make). Otherwise, you can choose not to re-calculate, which can often save you time if your targeting or the underlying data has not really changed since the last time you saved. Alternatively, you can refresh targeting by clicking the "Refresh Targeting" button on the email's Preview & Send or Manage page.